Материал: REVISE YOUR GRAMMAR - Учеб. пособие (Новикова Ю.О.)

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Раздел 3 косвенная речь


Мы употребляем конструкции с косвенной речью, чтобы передать, что говорят и думают другие люди.

Примеры глаголов, употребляемых в косвенной речи:

a.  Admit признать , agreeсогласиться, answer ответить, complain жаловаться, explain объяснить, promise обещать, reply ответить, say сказать, think думать;

b. Convince убедить, inform информировать, remind напомнить,

tell – сообщить.

Если глагол-сказуемое в главном предложении стоит в настоящем или будущем времени, то в дополнительном предложении время не изменяется.

When we use a reporting verb in the Present tense, we don’t change it.

E.g. The agent says that the sales are going well. Or:

The agent says that the sales were/will be going well.

Если глагол-сказуемое в главном предложении употребляется в одном из прошедших времен, то в доподлнительном предложении время изменяется, подчиняясь правилу согласования времен.

Reporting clause

Reported clause

She explained – она объяснила,


(that) she couldn’t take the job until


не может взяться за эту работу...

He complained он пожаловал-

ся, что

(that) he was unemployed.

не имеет работы.


Прямая речь   Косвенная речь


«I work hard,» he said. He said (that) he worked


Он сказал, что много


«We are working on a project»,            He explained that they were

he explained.    working on a project.

Он объяснил, что они

работают над проектом.

«I have worked hard,» he said.             He said that he had worked hard.

Он сказал, что много


«I worked hard,» he said.         He said that he had

worked hard.

Он сказал, что много


«I will work hard,» he said.       He said (that) he would

work hard.

Он сказал, что много

будет работать.

«I have been working hard,»     He said that he had been           he said.

working hard.

Он сказал, что много


«I am going to work harder,»    He said (that) he was

he said. going to work harder.

Он сказал, что

собирается... работать.

«I can work harder,» he said.                He said (that) he could work harder.

... может работать

«I may work harder,» he said.               He said that he might work harder.

...может быть...

«I must work harder,» he said.  He said (that) he had to/

must work harder.

... должен...

«I should work harder,» he said.                       He said (that) he should work harder.

... следует

«Do you work hard enough?» she                     She asked him if he said to him. worked hard enough

достаточно ли упорно


«Work harder!» she said to him.           She told him to work


Сказала работать...

В косвенной речи также изменяются указательные местоимения и наречия времени и места.

DIRECT SPEECH       -              REPORTED SPEECH Tonight, today, this week/month/ -     that night, that day, that

week, that month

Now    -           then, at that time, at once

Yesterday, last night/week/month -        the day before, the previous night,/week/ month

Наиболее употребительные вводные глаголы:

agree    + to inf.










advise   +smb. + to –inf.
















admit    + gerund


accuse smb. of


apologise for


boast of/about


complain to smb. of




insist on


(say one)prefers

(сказать), что предпочитает



agree    + that –clause














Главное предложение соединяется с придаточным предложением вопросительным словом Who, Where, Which, Why, When, What, How, How much.

При этом сохраняется порядок слов повествовательного предложения

(подлежащее, сказуемое и др. члены предложения).

Используется правило согласования времен.

E.g.  «When will the new product be ready?» they asked me.

They asked me when the product would be ready.

Yes/no questions – присоединяются словами if or whether .

E.g. Do you feel confident about the project? I asked.

I asked if she felt confident about the project.

E.g.  «Where is the file?» – I wonder where the file is.

«When does the train leave?»

«Do you know when the train leaves?»

Упр. 1. Измените предложения, используя выделенный глагол.

1. This  talk  provides  a  framework  for  proactively  managing  their

reputation risks.

(The speaker explained that…)

2. Regulators, industry groups, consultants have developed guidelines over the  years for assessing and managing risk in a wide range of areas. (pointed out)

3.   Do companies know the importance of their

companies’ reputation? (doubted)

4  We know their customers are more loyal and buy broader ranges of their products and  services.


5   Moreover, up  to  80\% of their  market  value comes from brand

equity, intellectual capital and goodwill. (added)

6   Most companies, however, do an inadequate job of managing their reputations. (criticized)

7  They tend to focus their energies on handling the threats that have already surfaced. (said)

Упр. 2. Соедините половинки так, чтобы получилось предложение:

A         B

1. For Continental Airlines, in partic-


the journey began…

a. people didn’t choose a bank on

the basis of how convenient it was.

2. Continental took a systematic look at

how passengers were treated…

b. when the company was recover-

ing from bankruptcy.

3. RBC had been investing heavily in


banking as convenient as possible and assumed

c. that this would attract new cus-

tomers and increase loyalty.

4. To the company’s surprise, a survey

revealed that…

d. as to who the highest value cus-

tomers were.

5. There was no consensus within the


e. or what routes they had previous-

ly flown.

6. The airline company did not know


those passengers were coming or

going …

f.  when a plane was significantly


7. RBC’s analytics team found that…

g. nearly 60\% of the time the com-

pany packages were unprofitable.

Упр. 3. Выберите нужное слово. Возможен более, чем один вариант.

1. When researchers presented people with the facts that they  a) have b) had

overvalued the status quo, they were shocked and skeptical.

2. Studies showed that companies  a) introduced b) introduce 30 000 products every year but most of them don’t/didn’t stay on the shelves.

3. The paragraph  a) explained b) explains that  balance sheet  a) showed b)

shows the resources of a firm and how it operated/operates .

4. Both investors and creditors agree that that the information given in the cash flow statement a)was b) is useful.

5. John Gourville said that  many innovations  a) fail b) failed  because consumers a)  overvalue b) overvalued  the new and companies the old.

6. The telephone changed  how we a) communicate b) communicated    with others.

7. The journalist wrote that the number of the consumers planning to buy a car a) has b) had doubled.

8. The Ministry  confirmed that  the state  a) would b) will  provide subsidized loans.

9. The Minister said that all three of the automated safety systems at the station a) has b)had failed during the accident.

10.Rosatom said the venture   a) will b)would be open for companies from

other countries.

Упр. 4. Измените предложения, используя косвенную речь.

1. «It was a very tense and trying experience for me and my family,» he said

though his attorney.

2. «All claims are being defended much more aggressively than before,»

says attorney J.Boyrd Page.

3. «Are we getting paid for all that we do?» he is asking.

4. «When I tell you to say yes a lot, I am not advising a simple compliance,»

the reporter said.

5. «I think the world turned upside down», the manager said.

6. «Something comparable is now happening in the emerging world», the article wrote.

7. «Why are countries that were associated with cheap hands now becoming leaders in innovation?», the reporter asks.

8. «What areas of negotiation cause most trouble?», the journalist asked.

9. «What advice would you give to someone who wanted to be a sales negotiator?» he asked.

10. «Did the client have to reduce the costs?» the manager asked.

Упр. 5. Измените предложения, используя правила косвенного вопроса.

E.g Who are Nike’s consumers?

He wants to know who Nike’s  consumers are.

1. Is the company’s performance good?

2. What might their needs be?

3. Who is the real decision-maker in your company?

4. Is the goal of marketing to attract new customers by promising superior value?

5. Is there such a thing as an ideal relationship?

6. What contributes to a successful long-term relationship?

7. What’s your best discovery in this area?

8. Does that mean that there’s no room for a conflict in a good team?

9. What does the term «marketing» mean?

10. Do they do an adequate job of managing their reputations?

Упр. 6. Переведите следующие предложения на английский язык.

1. Он хотел знать, что покупателям известно о фирме Nike.

2. Докладчика спросили, что является целью маркетинга.

3. Автор сомневался в том, что существуют идеальные отношения между компанией и клиентом.

4. Он задается вопросом, справедливо ли нам платят за ту работу, которую мы выполняем.

5. Мы понимали, что даже в хорошей команде есть место конфликту.

6. Меня спросили, что я думаю об этой команде.

7. Нас беспокоило, что специалисты прогнозируют более низкий экономический рост.

8. Инвесторы осознавали, что есть риск инфляции.

9. Было ясно, что компания не заботится о своей репутации.

10. Мы хотели знать, каков их взгляд на экономику.

Упр. 7. Это часть интервью, на котором вы вчера присутствовали. Ваш начальник хочет знать, о чем специалиста спрашивали и что он отвечал.

Use the following beginnings:

We asked him…   We wanted to know;   A reporter wondered; It was interesting to find out…

The banker said...; He answered..; He replied; He pointed out that..

1. A. What’s your view of the economy?

B. A year ago we  worried because the bond market was forecasting lower economic growth. There was a risk of deflation. It was the key that changed the fundamentals and created a much more positive environmental.

2. A. How do you invest here?

B. That is a difficult question. If you look at assets, equities, bonds and cash, you will see ugly, uglier and ugliest. You earn nothing on cash. And the dollar is very high-risk.

3. A. What are the biggest issues facing investors?

B. One is the U.S. deficit and how it will be reduced. The second is the slowdown in the rate of investment in China. Once it slows up, the biggest losers are going to be Taiwan and Korea.

4. A. So how have you positioned your portfolio?

B. We are looking for sectors and companies whose internal factors are strong and can withstand the world experiencing economic growth.

5. A. Which Asian countries do you prefer?

B. We like the Philippines, India and Thailand because there’s less competition with China. As we believe that global economy is not going to grow that much, these countries may do better.

6. A. What is your take on Russia?

B. We don’t like the oil sector, but we love Russia. We hope that in future the tax rate on the oil sector in Russia will be very close to that of Norway, around 65-70\%.

7. A. How is a higher tax rate positive to investors?

B. You want to create the middle class in the economy. You want to redistribute the wealth, and taxation is a way to do that.

Упр. 8. Переведите следующие предложения на английский язык.

1. Управляющий хотел знать, о чем спрашивали эксперта на конференции.

2. Мы узнали, что существовал риск дефляции.

3. Журналисты хотели знать, как компания инвестирует в данном регионе.

4. Мы спросили, представляет ли сегодня доллар высокий риск.

5. Многих интересовало, как будет снижен дефицит доллара.

6. Докладчик считает, что глобальная экономика не будет расти быстро.

7. Он сказал, что ему не нравится инвестировать в сектор нефтедобычи, но ему нравится Россия.

8. Докладчик выразил надежду, что в будущем  налоговая ставка снизится.

9. Инвесторам нравится Индия и Таиланд, поскольку в них меньшая конкуренция, чем в Китае.

10.  Он подчеркнул, что на наличности ничего не заработаешь.

Упр. 9. Это лекция на тему «Репутация».

Перескажите лекцию вашим сотрудникам.

1.«This lecture provides a framework for proactively managing reputation risks.

2. He doubted…

Do companies know the importance of their company’s reputation.

3. He was sure …

When the reputation is good, the customers are more loyal and buy broader ranges of products and services.

4. He added…

Moreover, 70-80\% of their market value comes from brand name, intellectual capital and goodwill.

5. He admitted…

Most companies, however, do an inadequate job of managing their reputations.

6. He criticized…

The companies focus their energies on handling the threats that have already surfaced

7. He pointed out…

Regulators and industry groups have developed guidelines for assessing and managing risks in a wide range of areas.

8. He concluded…

Francline said:» It takes many good deeds to build a good reputation, and only one bad thing to lose it.»

Упр. 10. Это выдержка из газетной статьи.

Что, как вы думаете, сказал президент? Используйте прямую речь.

After denying and procrastinating for months, a U.S. president decided that if  he wanted  to get back on task, he had no choice but to offer a public apology for having had an appropriate relationship with a Ms M.

a.  He began by admitting his involvement with the White House intern.

b.   He went on to say that it was wrong and he deeply regretted having misled the country.

c.  He concluded his statement by telling his wife and daughter that he was ready to do whatever it would take to make things right between them.

d.  He promised to put the past behind him and turn his attention back to

the nation’s business.

Упр. 11. Передайте высказывание в косвенной речи, используя приведенный глагол.

1. «I deeply regret my comments which I haven’t weighed more carefully.»


2. «If I could turn the clock back, I would have spoken differently on the

matter today.»


3. «You are welcome to go through the files; they are perfectly organized.»


4. «The purpose of this course is to expose you to real people with real legal problems.»


5. «I’ll get access to your personnel records and open up your financial



6. «I want her payroll check delivered to hospital», the lawyer said.


7. «Because we had had so much success, there is a great appetite to invest

further,» the vice president said.


8. He added: «We want to know if a new product has been introduced that we could benefit from.»


9. Professor  said:  «Look  closer  at  the  Chinese  experience,  and  you’ll

discover it is hardly a foster-child for globalization.»


10.«You run a sweatshop here! You prey on single working mothers who

cannot afford to complain,» she said in anger.


Упр. 12. Ниже приведены заголовки газетных статей. Скажите, какие факты вы хотели бы знать. Начните высказывание слующими фразами:

I wonder… (меня   интересует...); I would like to know… (хотелось бы знать...); It’s interesting (who)... (интересно, кто...).

For example:


It’s interesting to know if the company provides goods or services .

I’d like to know who the president of the company is.

I wonder which company is getting successful.


2.         WINDS of CHANGE.



5.         THE GAME.



Упр. 13. Переведите следующие предложения на английский язык.

1.  Интересно, кто является президентом компании.

2.  Хотелось бы знать, какие товары производит компания.

3.  Интересно, о каких переменах они говорят.

4.  Хотелось бы знать, что они думают о глобализации.

5.   Интересно, чем занимается Гринпис.

6.  Хотелось бы знать, что собой представляют их программы кредитования.

7.  Он предложил просмотреть файлы, которые были прекрасно организованы.

8.  Президент компании объяснил, что проект имеет успех и есть желание и дальше его инвестировать.

9.  Он пригрозил, что обратится к адвокату.

10. Секретарь  извинился  за  комментарий,  который  он  недостаточно продумал.