Материал: REVISE YOUR GRAMMAR - Учеб. пособие (Новикова Ю.О.)

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Раздел 22 различные функции should/would

Случаи употребления :

SHOULD

А. В придаточных предложениях после безличных предложений (It is necessary… that they should…).

It’s important that the company should make the balance sheet.

Важно, чтобы компания составила балансовую ведомость.

B.  В  дополнительных придаточных предложениях после  глаголов, выражающих приказание, совет, требование (order, advise, demand…). The consultant advised that the company should have a simple and clear strategy. Консультант советовал, чтобы компания имела простую и понятную стратегию.

Модальный глагол со значением долженствования – должен, следует.

The company should know where they are going.

Компания должна знать, куда она идет.

Случаи употребления:

WOULD

A.  Future in the Past в дополнительных придаточных предложениях, если в главном предложении стоит прошедшее время.

We agreed that we would try to win the contract.

Мы договорились, что попытаемся заполучить контракт.

B. Как вспомогательный глагол в условных предложениях П и Ш типа. Переводится сослагательным наклонением с частицей «бы».

It would be good if companies had ethical values.

Было бы хорошо, если бы компании имели ценности этического характера.

Упр. 1. Переведите следующие  предложения, обращая внимание на различные функции SHOULD.

1. Individuals should receive regular , timely feedback on how they are doing.

2. The staff should feel they are being adequately challenged in their jobs.

3. You should establish a formal recognition program, such as «employee of the month».

4. One shouldn’t ignore the factors discussed above. To do so would be asking for trouble.

5. It’s important that the company should make wise decisions appointing someone to the role of supervisor.

6. The manager insisted that the employees should participate in decision making.

7. Should you place the people in close quarters, don’t be surprised there is

tension among them.

8. Advertising media should reach the desired market.

9. It’s necessary that they should operate in related industries because that is important for their cost advantage.

10. People’s creativeness shouldn’t be restricted by routine and traditional office hours.

Упр. 2. Переведите следующие предложения, обращая внимание на различные функции WOULD.

1. Employees would be more motivated if they had freedom and power to

carry out their tasks.

2. The research indicated that promotion opportunities would make different influence on job satisfaction.

3. If they got favorable attitude and were materially rewarded, their attitude toward job would be positive.

4. India is an ideal market, one would have thought, for multinational companies.

5. The logo was – « We would like to buy the world a Coke.»

6. In a speech to managers he described his vision of what the group would

look like in 2016 year.

7. He said that Boeing would be « a global enterprise».

8. If they had had the funds, they would have run a single commercial that would have appealed to all markets.

9. It wouldn’t be so important if you were thinking of making a career move to another firm.

10.  What is «quality»? Our grandparents would have been in no doubt to answer that.

Упр. 3. Заполните пропуски в предложениях, используя данные выражения. Возможно более одного варианта.

Ought to; need; should; shouldn’t; must; can; could

1. The manager …  be replaced with one of the senior sales people.

2. We …  to involve all team members in the decision-making process.

3. The leader … have ignored all the tensions within the team.

4. The team leader … have delegated more work to others.

5. He … to have encouraged more debate and discussion.

6. They …  have sensed some tension in the team.

7. All team …  have been able to express their opinions freely.

8. These principles govern how employees … behave (doing things right).

9. The strategic objective  … be specific, measurable and time bound.

10. A salesperson  … to know the answer when she is deciding how aggressive to be on price.

Упр. 4. Переведите следующие предложения на английский язык.

1. Лидеру команды следует поручать работу другим.

2. Вы должны привлекать всех членов команды к принятию решений.

3. Если бы у них было тогда больше средств, они бы создали рекламный ролик.

4. Если бы они получали материальное вознаграждение, их отношение к работе было бы положительным.

5. Стратегические цели должны быть конкретны и ограничены по времени.

6. Эти принципы определяют, как работники должны себя вести.

7.  У работников должно быть ощущение, что им дают посильное задание.

8. Можно было подумать, что Индия представляет собой идеальный рынок.

9. Ему нужно было поощрять в команде дебаты и дискуссии.

10. В своей речи он представил, как будет выглядеть компания через несколько лет.

ТЕСТ 3

Заполните пропуски одним из данных слов.

1. The digger share of  … profits needs to go to workers and consumers. a. that            b. those            c. ones

2. It is …  matter to make sure your limits stay where they are supposed to be.

a. other b. another         c. others

3. In trading it is not enough to understand that there …  be dangers involved. a. must    b. ought            c. need

4. If you are a beginner, …  is often a good idea to focus on one market first. a. its        b. it      c. that

5. Risk management system is … of the most important elements to set straight.

a. ones b. one’s            c. one

6. Aside from following the right steps, you also   …  to make sure you don’t

make the same mistakes.

a. need b. should          c. could

7. The fact is that we all need insurance of one kind or …  .

a. another         b. other            c. others

8.         …        you run a shop then you will need extra insurance for certain goods, especially foods that are liable to spoil.

a. would           b. should          c. could

9. … more thing you may want to consider is working hours.

a. once b. another         c. one

10. If China and  …   fully implemented their plans, demand could start to recover.

a. others           b. other            c. Another


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